The Elusive World Of Fabric

I love fabric. I love the immense range of patterns, textures and colours, and getting to play with different combinations. Most people aren’t like this and instead find the number of options overwhelming and confusing. Knowing where to start and how to select the right one can be daunting, so we are going to bring some clarity and insight to this world.

Obviously, when you start looking at fabrics you know what they are going on, or sewn into; i.e. a sofa vs. drapes. Upholstery requires heavier-weight fabric compared to drapes and we will stick to explaining upholstery fabrics here. You also need to consider how much use the sofa or chair will get, and who will be using it. Kids are harder on furniture than adults generally. What sort of style you have will help narrow down your selections: a funky geometric print will not work in a formal, traditional space.

Fiber content is very important. Natural fibers, such as cotton, are durable, very absorbent (resist static), strong, resists pilling, and very versatile, but will stain, burn and wrinkle easily, and are not the best in sunlight. Synthetics, such as polyester, nylon, rayon, and acrylic, can vary. For strength and resiliency (return to original shape), nylon and polyester are great. They are stable and will resist wrinkling, but are poor at resisting static and will pill easily. Rayon can be made to imitate cotton, wool, silk, and linen, however it is not that strong, resilient, or wrinkle resistant. It is best blended with other fibers. Acrylic can look like wool and is soft and warm, but it is also better blended to help its low resistance to abrasion, pilling, and issue with static.

Blending these fibers create fabrics that have better properties than fabrics made with just one type of fabric. Each fiber has its pros and cons so blending them will take better advantage of each of the good properties of the fibers. A polyester and cotton blend is a very common one that creates a fabric that retains its shape, will resist stains and wrinkles, and the cotton will make it more comfortable and with less static. Basically, if you see that the fabric is a blend that usually means you are getting a good mix of all the good attributes of each fiber type.

Not all upholstery fabric samples will say what its resistance to abrasion is on the tag, but when you do see it, it helps you to know how durable the fabric is. There are a couple of different tests that measure it, but the gist of them is how many double-rubs (moving back and forth on a fabric) does it take before the fabric shows signs of wear. Medium duty starts at around 12 000 double rubs and commercial duty starts at 30 000.

How the fabric is made determines how it will wear, too. Look for tighter woven and thicker weaves as these will usually stand up better than a thin, lighter-feeling fabric will. Stretch the fabric on the diagonal to see how much it stretches. If it stretches quite a bit that will give a cushier feel, and depending on the type of fiber used it might not spring back to its original shape after long-term use. You do want some give and stretch to it, though, so compare a few different fabrics against the one you are considering.

Very popular micro-fibers are tightly woven so stains usually don’t get through them, which helps their clean-ability. Sometimes they are sold as being stain-proof, but that is not true-they are still a fabric and will stain if it is left to soak in. They are good as an alternate to leather. On some of them you see each mark from where you have touched or rubbed it (think of how suede is) and not everyone is fine with the mottled effect.

A texture or pattern to the fabric will hide wear well. We usually recommend a tone-on-tone pattern on large-scale pieces (like a sofa) as it is easier to work with later on, will not date as quickly, and you generally won’t get tired of it as soon as you would if it was a pattern with a few different colours. Keeping the colour neutral will also help make it easier to change your accent colours of accessories or your paint colours later on. You can add the punches of colour with your toss cushions or bring in a different pattern and colour on an armchair. If you want your furniture to be the focal point in your room, then go for bolder colours or patterns that will stand out more.

Remember to figure out your style, how much use the furniture will get, and your colour scheme before you start and that will make the process easier.

How To Install Hardwood Flooring

Installing new hardwood floors is easier than ever thanks to some of the new products now available, and often no longer requires the assistance of a professional carpenter. Pre-finished flooring is now available, saving the homeowner the work of sanding and finishing the floor, because all of this work is done beforehand in the factory.

A touch of old-style elegance can be added to your home with hardwood floors, and several wood varieties other than the typical red oak can be found in a wide range of textures and colors. Searching the Internet or browsing in your favorite hardware shop to research materials needed to install hardwood floors is an excellent idea.

Pre-finished flooring can be bought online or from a merchant you trust. After you get the wood home, you should stack the wood in the room it will be installed in for a few days to let it adjust to the normal humidity level. This is important to do because moisture makes wood expand. Leave a half inch between the floor and the wall when installing your flooring. This space could be covered with a baseboard or molding strip later.

When installing your hardwood floors, there will be step by step instructions from the supplier. If you follow these details, you will get a professional look on your new floor. The wood panels come micro-beveled from the manufacturer to allow for expansion in the summer heat.

If the flooring in your home is starting to show its age, refinishing it may be an option to look into. Prior to beginning work on the floor, clear the room of everything, even the down to the drapes! To prevent dust from entering the room during the process and marring the finish on the floor, keep the room sealed off. The refinished floor should be ready for use again in about three days, but just to be sure, it’s a good idea to wait an additional day before moving everything back into the room.

Laminate floors are very easy to install and are very low maintenance. They resist the scratches and stains commonly caused by heavy traffic and the wear and tear from kids and pets. Laminate floors are also manufactured with a tongue and groove interlocking system to make installation quick and easy.

There are a lot of things to consider when choosing your flooring, but rest assured that manufacturers have come a long way in making their flooring options easier to install. Make sure the instructions that come with your flooring material are clear and make sense, and don’t be afraid to ask questions before you buy.

Most Wanted Moroccan Interior Design Elements For Home Dcor

When it comes to home dcor, there is no scarcity for the interior design objects in the modern world. However, when it comes to unique interior design objects, they will be rare to find and obviously will be very costly. Thankfully, there is a group of interior design elements which are very unique and are vey affordably priced. They are nothing but the Moroccan interior design elements. Infact, the Moroccan styled interior design is fast becoming a great trend worldwide. The Moroccan interior design has gained huge popularity since the renovation of the Riad traditional Moroccan house. You can bring the marvels of the Moroccan interior design to your home by wisely choosing the home dcor elements. Just keep on reading the article to know the 3 Moroccan interior design elements that can reveal the beauty of your home.

The Moroccan Furniture

According to expert interior designers, home dcor without unique furniture will be incomplete. The fact can be now changed as home dcor will be incomplete without the Moroccan furniture. One of the main advantages of using the Moroccan furniture in home dcor is that they offer great functionality combined with unique looks. The problem associated with most of the modern furniture is that they will have unique style but most of them will have zero usability. This disadvantage is overcome by the use of Moroccan furniture. To the added advantage, these Moroccan furniture gives great value for money. According to real estate experts, the homes decorated with Moroccan furniture will have great face value when compared to the others.

The Moroccan Lighting

Lighting is a critical part of home dcor because proper lighting will greatly increase the beauty of the room. You will be well aware of the fact that ambient soothing lighting will make any home look peaceful and calm. This is where the Moroccan lighting comes into play. Youd have noted that the Moroccan home dcor will enhance the peacefulness. This is made possible with the help of the lighting effects cast by the Moroccan lighting fixtures.

Decorating The Bedroom

When it comes to Moroccan home dcor, the opportunities to decorate the bedrooms are unlimited. You can apply both Moroccan lighting and place some unique Moroccan furniture in your bedroom to make the room look beautiful and unique. To add to the beauty of the bed rooms, you can throw in some Moroccan lamps which are cheap.

Bottom Line

If you are looking for unique interior design objects, the Moroccan ones are made for you. Head out to a Moroccan home dcor store and see the vibrancy by yourself.

An Introduction To Network Switches And The Ws-c3560x-24t-s

A network switch is one of the basic components of a computer network that connects different segments and devices to each other. It is otherwise known as a multi-port bridge that processes and routes data on the on the several memory layers of the system. It can receive any message from any unit connected to it and then transmit it to the component it was intended for. It is an upgraded version of a hub (which normally just delivers the same message to every device in the network), and it can accommodate anywhere from 8 to 50 devices at a time.

Network switches are commonly found in Ethernet local area networks. Small offices typically just use a single switch for every purpose, whether it is to access broadband services or network PCs. Mid-size and large LANs contain a number of linked managed switches with routers and VoIPs. Now the main difference between managed and unmanaged switch is configuration. With unmanaged, which is typically found at home, in less complex networks, you just have to insert cables to the box and let it handle the data transfer on its own; whereas for managed, you can program it. Hence, you can secure greater flexibility to your network dynamics, monitor and adjust activities, as well as control the traffic and who makes use of the system.

Now, there are two sub-classes of managed switches marketed today the smart/intelligent and the enterprise or fully-managed switches. Smart switches have a limited set of management features while enterprise managed switches have the full set. This includes web interface, VLANs, SNMP agent and CLI with special backup and restore as well as display modifications. Obviously, they are more expensive and better suited for networks with a large number of connections. But for a lower price, one can acquire a web-managed switch that have almost similar features to that of an enterprise switch, except for the CLI access.

The ws-c3560x-24t-s is an example of a switch manufactured by Cisco; also known as the Cisco Catalyst 3750-X and 3560-X series switches. This particular model is an enterprise-class line of independent and stackable switches that provides high security, scalability, and data availability on top of energy efficiency. It can be easily operated with innovative specifications such as the Cisco StackPower, IEEE 802.3at Power over Ethernet Plus configurations, redundant power supplies, Media Access Control Security features as well as optional network modules. And the ws-c3560x-24t-s is designed to enhance productivity through seamless integration of technologies such as wireless internet, video and IP telephony, with 49 ports in total.

Of course, there are other models included in the series as well as those manufactured by other networking brands such as Avaya, Netgear and Broadcoms that could be integrated in your network system. But Cisco products are probably the most identified and utilized kind in the United States. But before you decide which to get, you should get an in-depth understanding of them first as well as the other components so you could properly maintain the performance of your system. And if you have the budget, it would definitely be more favorable if you get an engineer or an accredited personnel to manage your Main Information System, even if part time.

Modern Lounge Design And Ideas

If you are pondering regarding starting your own nightclub but you cannot think of any themes then it is important to conjure up some lounge design ideas of your own. You want find a concept that is heading to work for your club and the consumers.
Themes are the best way for a nightclub to develop their own brand. By utilizing unique lounge design it lets for consumers to recall who you are by putting an imprint in their minds. It is a similar as producing a logo for a company. The nightclub is a placethat your consumers are heading to commit a good amount of time in and you want develop a unforgettable atmosphere.
Themes variety from many unique concepts and it is generally best to goal an crowd that exists in your town or local vicinity. This is simply because if you open a nightclub and supply classicalmusicwith a classicalmusictouchin a town that comes with 99% country musicfans then you may neverhave any consumers. You need to consider the target audience you are targeting and explore the location of your bar completely before you choose the lounge design ideas you are heading to go with. The design of the lounge must be enticing to the region.
One of the ways it is possible to determine if your lounge designideasare acceptable for where you stay is by asking the open public. It is easy to run open public surveys regarding a new nightclub opening in thetown. Give them a number of choices for people to choose from like country, rock, retro, disco, Hawaiian, and more. Even leave a blank area for people to be able to write in their own thought for a concept. This way if the town truly would like a distinct concept they can tone of voice it. If you develop a concept of a club that the town folks wish then they should truly want to appear and check it out.
When you are pondering of lounge design ideas it is very important for you to find out regarding the town and the people that stay in the region you want to open the club. Discover what the prefers and the dislikes are and which subject would be the best option for your club. When you listen to the customers and design a club with a concept they ask for this might make you very successful. You may also consider getting a nightclub with many unique themes.

Asbestos Lawsuits in Louisiana

In towns and cities throughout the United States, asbestos lawsuits are increasingly prolific as individuals exposed to asbestos twenty and thirty years ago are today developing and dying from mesothelioma. Mesothelioma is a rare and extremely lethal form of cancer, in which malignant cells are found in the protective sac covering most of the bodys internal organs. Mesothelioma, which is caused by exposure to asbestos, takes up to three decades to strike its victims. Those with the greatest risk of developing mesothelioma have worked on jobs where they inhaled asbestos particles, or have been exposed to asbestos dust and fiber in other ways.

Today, a growing number of mesothelioma lawsuits have succeeded in recovering hundreds of millions in compensation for the tens of thousands of mesothelioma victims. Compensation is paid by the companies that make these asbestos products, and enables victims to cover their medical expenses and to be compensated for their pain and suffering.

A current center of concern for asbestos victims is New Orleans. In the post-Katrina era, New Orleans and the entire state of Louisiana is undergoing a boom in construction a business infamous for its use of asbestos products. Post-storm rehabilitations of homes, the related large-scale demolitions, and even just the ubiquitous roofing jobs currently underway are exposing thousands of people to asbestos. Despite these dangers, however, Congress is considering a Bill that would prevent someone who becomes ill with cancer as a result of post-Katrina asbestos exposure from getting financial relief.

The introduction of the Bill is being motivated by calls for tort reform among asbestos-related industries. Financially crippled by increasingly high rewards to asbestos victims, these industries want a cap on their liability. They cite a recent asbestos lawsuit in Louisiana, in which homeowners who purchased asbestos-contaminated fill dirt sued the contractor who sold them the soil, as well as the oil company where the dirt had been removed. Although none of the plaintiffs have yet become sick, a jury awarded them compensatory and punitive damages due to their fear of harm (rather than actual harm). The verdict was upheld by a Louisiana appeals court, which ruled that any exposure to a harmful substance, no matter how slight, justifies a lawsuit.

The new Bill, set for debate by Congress in February, would halt asbestos lawsuits. The Bill is seeking to protect companies with asbestos liability from further lawsuits by paying into a government administered trust fund, which would screen claimants through established medical criteria. Victims would be awarded compensation based on the severity of their illness. The Bill specifically states that the fund would not cover victims of environmental and neighborhood exposure, with the prime example being post-Katrina victims in New Orleans and across Louisiana. The Bill is widely opposed by the medical community, as well as by labor unions and citizens rights activists, particularly in the state of Louisiana.

Creating The Perfect Atmosphere In Your Retail Store

In a competitive shopping market it is vital to your business not only to attract customers, but to keep them coming back. Lets face it, no one is being mandated to spend money in your store. However, by creating the right atmosphere you will be able to ensure that your customers will keep coming back, hopefully with friends. Here are a few tips for achieving that irresistible atmosphere for your store.

Create Your Stores Identity

First and foremost you need to determine your stores personality and the clientele you are trying to attract. People like places with a distinct style that appeals to them. Imagine your ideal customer, what would they like? Would they like to shop somewhere eclectic and funky or somewhere sleek and modern? Once you pinpoint the type of personality you would like to give your store you can move on to building that perfect atmosphere.

Its All In the Details

After you have decided on the feel that youd like your store to have its important to select fixtures and details that speak to that aesthetic. Investing in key pieces such as furniture, lighting and wall color that reflect your stores style will not go unnoticed by your customers. If you are trying to achieve an artsy and trendy space, go with vibrant colors on the walls like a bright green or blue. Pair that with vintage furniture and eclectic details like an oddly shaped mirror or pictures and paintings with unique frames. Unexpected details like a shag floor rug or mis-matched shelving is sure to draw in a funky crowd! If your ideal store is more modern and upscale, opt for strong, solid colors on the walls like a deep red or cool steely grey. Sleek furniture with clean lines and bold details like a striking light fixture or brushed chrome flower decanters will likely attract the crowd you are aiming for. Putting in the time to pay attention to the little details as well as picking out the perfect fixtures will speak volumes to your customers and will make them want to come back.

Sounds for Success

Just like the look of your store, the sound coming out of it can do just as much to attract or repel customers. If you are going to play music, keep it at a volume that is reasonable. Who wants to shop somewhere that they feel the need to wear earplugs? Also, consider the type of music that your target demographic wants to listen to. Older and more sophisticated clientele will appreciate soft rock and easy going jazz. Whereas a younger and more fun-loving crowd will be drawn to chart topping hits and funky indie music picks. Always keep your customers desires in mind when making your music selections.

The Face Of Your Store

No matter all of the elements you incorporate into your business, the key factor to its success is its staff. They are the face of your store! It goes without saying that your employees should be well trained and customer service oriented. Take into consideration the image that you want them to project. Uniforms are not necessarily required, but it is wise to enforce a strict dress code. You dont want your employees inappropriate dress to be what stands out in your store.
As you begin the process of creating the perfect atmosphere in your store, remember to stay true to your vision. You will know you are done when everything in your store seems to feel just right. Pay attention to the feedback from your customers in case there are any major adjustments that need to be made, or anything that definitely seems to be working. Working to maintain the atmosphere that is most appealing to your customer base will help to ensure your businesss success.

Taking The whole House Approach To Home Energy Efficiency

In this industry, there are times when energy efficiency experts come across some fairly prodigious claims about the potential effectiveness of the products they provide to homeowners. While these assertions are great for selling products, they don’t always create a realistic picture of the ultimate benefit to the homeowner.

Instead of claiming the added efficiency that a single product will offer, it’s much more effective to create a profile of your entire house’s energy system – one that identifies the strengths and weaknesses of your home’s energy use. With this approach, we can take a more realistic look at which improvements will result in the most impactful improvement of your home.

Understanding “Whole House” Energy Efficiency

Be skeptical of any company that provides you a single product but quantifies its potential energy savings for your home. These “miracle cure” solutions are not always as effective as they seem!

For example, let’s say that a company claims that replacing your windows and exterior doors with ENERGY STAR approved windows and doors can save you up to 25% on your annual heating and cooling bills. Unfortunately, this is only likely in some cases.

Let’s look at these two examples…

House A is an old, drafty colonial house that is poorly updated by its owners. However, the furnace is fairly modern, and operates at about 85% of the efficiency of a new, modern system. Unfortunately, the air ducts that channel the heat from the furnace have several air leaks, and the furnace is being stored in a cold, uninsulated basement. The attic also has a mere 4″ layer of old fiberglass insulation installed. While the windows are not ENERGY STAR approved, they do have double-paned glass.

House B is a 1970s home, whose owners take the time to update it when possible. In this case, the furnace is very outdated, and while it still works, it operates at about half the efficiency of a new, modern system. The owners service their system frequently, and have already sealed all holes in the air ducts. Their basement is finished and insulated, and the attic is properly sealed and insulated with new fiberglass insulation. They have single-paned windows installed that are not ENERGY STAR approved.

Which House Would Benefit Most From Energy Efficient Windows?

In this case, we can see that the owners of House A are paying much more for their heat than the owners of house B. While replacing these old windows would increase the energy efficiency, there are many more cost-effective ways to reduce their utility bills.

For example, instead of spending $10,000 or more on a window upgrade, the owners of House A may want to consider using the same money on a combination of air sealing the home to eliminate the drafts, insulating the basement, repairing the air ducts, or sealing and insulating the attic.

In the case of House B, however, we can see that the basement and attic are insulated, and the home has already been air sealed. Because the furnace is outdated, heating comes at a premium. In this case, it can be very cost-effective to keep as much heat inside the house as possible. So replacement windows are a pretty good idea.

But even in this case, the savings will take many years to balance out the cost of the windows. In the end, much of the value of the upgrade will be appreciated through the increased comfort, beauty, and value of the home.

Professional Energy Efficiency Evaluation In Connecticut & New York

Before deciding on a major energy efficiency upgrade for your home, it’s worth the effort to hire a professional to inspect your problem and make recommendations on the most effective upgrades for your home.

Each house will have its own unique energy-using system; professional and customized energy efficient upgrades are well worth the investment in energy savings and comfort for your home.

Carriage Bolts A Long History And Eternal Purpose

These bolts got their name for the original purpose. Carriage bolts were used in a carriage which was the basic transportation during olden times. The wheels of the carriage are made of wood. It was in 1818 at Connecticut when a blacksmith named Mr. Micah Rugg invented a machine that will produce these special bolts. Rugg and Barnes is the first company in America that produces bolts and nuts. Carriage bolts or plow bolts are type of fastener that is commonly used in carpentry and construction of wood products like furniture, wooden picnic table, wood garage doors and wood crafts. They are used in smooth and flat surface because of its aesthetic appeal that adds to the finished look of the wood surface. Carriage bolts are not limited to wood products; it can also be used in metal products, you just need to take some consideration in fastening two pieces of metals.

Carriage bolt heads are domed shaped and under the head is a square shaped neck. It may also be available in angular, flat or domed top and no neck. The square section part of the bolt is for gripping purposes, so it will not move or turn when you spin the nut. Carriage bolts are designed to have a secure fit so it will be safe and reliable. The common bolt types are zinc-plated bolts, steel grade 5 bolts, stainless steel 18-8 bolts, silicone bronze bolts and hot dipped galvanized bolts.

There are many different varieties of diameters, sizes, styles, types and grades of steel. The common grades of strength are grade 3, 5 and 8. The bolts diameter may range from 3/16 to 3/4 inch and 1/2 inch to 10 inches when it comes to length. There are seven categories in carriage bolts measurement and these are square depth, square width, screw length, head height and head diameter. The body diameter refers to the unthreaded part; it is between the square neck and the thread part. The square width is the total measurement of the square neck. The square depth refers to the square neck of the bolt but other bolts do not have a square neck. The head diameter is the width of the bolt’s head. The bolt length is the distance from the bottom of the bolt’s head up to the tip of the bolt.

Carriage bolts are not intended to be driven and you need to insert the bolts in a pre-drilled hole. So there is no need to use a tool to screw it. They are used to fasten or tighten two pieces of objects. It may look so small and useless but the truth is, it is very essential and beneficial in our everyday life. The carriage bolt can holds and supports objects that we normally see and use like furniture, cars, bridges and railways. If you need carriage bolts, you can buy this in any hardware store or even online store.

Tips For Home Improvements In Long Island Choosing Kitchen Flooring

Tips for Home Improvements in Long Island: Choosing Kitchen Flooring

Whether your house is in the suburban reaches of Long Island or deep in the urban jungle of Manhattan, youll surely agree that your kitchen is one of the busiest places at home, so it only pays to equip it with the most durable materials possible. The next time youre looking to do home improvements in Long Island, consider renovating your kitchen floor with one of these hardy flooring materials:


Often made from timber, hardwood floors are perhaps the most elegant choices, thanks to their natural beauty that easily lends the home a warm and organic look. This flooring type can last a long time, even an entire lifetime, as long as you have it cleaned regularly (standing water and your pets claws can be especially damaging to it).


Vinyl has always been hailed for its high-value-at-a-low-cost property, as well as the fact that it can mimic other flooring types like tile and hardwood. The material is very elastic compared to most other options you can get, so the comfort you get with every step on a vinyl kitchen floor is unlike any other. It can also come in a wide assortment of natural or bold colors.


When it comes to pure durability and reliability, few can surpass the value of a tile kitchen floor. Not only can one absorb or withstand heavy foot traffic, but it can even stave off bacterial growth and odors, making it ideal for a more low-maintenance kitchen. Moreover, where vinyl excels in color, tiles outshine most others in design and pattern.


Laminate flooring boasts excellent visuals that imitate wood flooring, but with few of its flaws. For one, this material is made from engineered material which allows it to hold up better to wear and tear and resist moisture damage more efficiently than hardwood floors. The one downside to it though is that it cant be refinished, so it should be replaced as soon as it starts showing its age.


Concrete floors are still one of the most durable around, but these days, you can rejoice in the thought that you can have one without your kitchen looking drab and unfinished. Concrete flooring materials today can be scored, stamped, stained or even acid-etched for a more attractive design.

New York or Long island home improvements can be an exciting opportunity to give your kitchen a much-needed style makeover, but dont forget that it should also be about improving its functionality. For more kitchen flooring tips, visit .